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mkfs/cryptsetup/luks/lvm

Encrypt, format, overwrite, zeroing and alot more for secure your system / drives

I will use DRIVE="" fyi, change to your disk before you using any of the below commands, they are very powerful and will break your system if you doing it wrong! Be careful

DISK is entire HDD andm 1,2 and 3 is partition in this wiki

1 = `Grub`
2 = `Boot/Esp`
3 = `Root`
K = `KeyFile`
U = `USB Drive For Keep Our KEY!`
H = `Header Backup`
E = `External Encrypted Drive`
  • Variables
DISKU="/dev/sda"
DISKE="/dev/sdb"
DISK1="/dev/nvme0n1"
DISK1_1="/dev/nvme0n1p3p1" 
DISK1_2="/dev/nvme0n1p3p2" 
DISK1_3="/dev/nvme0n1p3p3" 
DISK1_K="$(hostname)"
DISK1_H="$(hostname)_header_backup"

Generate 4096-bit random key file

dd if=/dev/urandom of=${DISK1_K} bs=8M count=1

Add a key file to next free key slot. This will prompt for a passphrase.

You can have up to 8 slots.

cryptsetup luksAddKey /dev/${DISK1} ${DISK1_K}

Add a key file to specific key slot, e.g slot 2

cryptsetup luksAddKey --key-slot 7 /dev/${DISK1_3} ${DISK1_K}.key

View key Slots

(use | grep Slot if needed)"

cryptsetup luksDump ${DISK1_3}

Remove key from key slot. Enter pasphrase or specify key file to remove.

The slot will automatically be detected and slot key removed.

cryptsetup luksRemoveKey ${DISK1_3}
cryptsetup luksRemoveKey ${DISK1_3} ${DISK1_K}.key

Add password to a luks volume when we only have a keyfile

cryptsetup -d ${DISK1_K}.key luksAddKey ${DISK1_3}

Create header backup

cryptsetup luksHeaderBackup ${DISK1_3} --header-backup-file ${DISK1_H}.img

Encrypt Dríve

cryptsetup -d ${DISK1_K}.key --key-description kiss_my_fucking_ass --cipher twofish-xts-plain64 --hash sha512 --iter-time 5000 --use-urandom luksFormat ${DISK1}

Decrypt and luksOpen our Drive With keyFile

cryptsetup -d ${DISK1_K}.key luksOpen /dev/sdc usb

View status of the map

cryptsetup -v status /dev/mapper/rootfs'

Zero the partition prior to formatting

dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/mapper/${DISK1_VGName} status=progress

Urandomize the partition prior to formatting

dd if=/dev/urandom of=/dev/mapper/${DISK1_VGName} status=progress

Format LUKS and use ext4 filesystem

mkfs.ext4 /dev/mapper/${DISK1_VGName}

Decrypt and Mount

cryptsetup luksOpen ${DISK1_3} <choosen_name>
mount /dev/mapper/${DISK1_3} /mnt/<choosen_name>

Close and Unmount the LUKS partition

cryptsetup luksClose /dev/mapper/${DISK1_VGname}

Last update: June 30, 2022
Created: June 18, 2022